The right to establish guidlines and rules of conduct in the lives of men, in order to bring them security and happiness in both worlds only belongs to Allah the Most High.
Because of this, He created the first man, the first prophet and He took education of man upon Himself through His divine rules and through His prophets.
He enjoins in the holy Qur’an:
“And unto Allah leads straight the Way.” (Nahl: 9)
“The judgment is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him: That is the right religion.” (Yűsuf: 40)
“Those are limits set by Allah: And any who transgresses the limits of Allah, does verily wrong his (own) soul.” (Talâq: 1)
In each order and prohibition of Allah the Most High, there is divine wisdom for well-being of mankind. Due to this, we have to do whatever He has ordered.
Almighty Allah revealed the holy Qur’an during the prophethood of Muhammad -peace be upon him- from time to time with different reasons in order to rescue His humble servants from the darkness of ignorance and unbelief.
He decrees in the holy Qur’an:
“And this is a blessed Scripture which We have revealed. So follow it and fear Allah, that you may find mercy.” (An’âm: 155)
His eternally preexistent word, the holy Qur’an, is unique and peerless in comparaison to other books and words.
Since fourteen hundred years mankind has been incapable of putting a similar book forward like the holy Qur’an.
Muhammad the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- states:
“Hold fast to the Qur’an, consider it as leader and guide. Because it is the word of Allah. It came from Him and it will return to Him.”
“Hold very tight to the Book of Allah. Follow its orders.”
The holy Qu’ran contains and explains faith principles such as the Unity and Oneness of Allah the Most Supreme, belief in angels, prophets, books, qadar, hereafter.
It states the required worships such as the regular prayers, fasting, hajj (pilgrimage), zakat...
It comprises rules of trade, inheritence, marriage... which regulate relationships between people.
It includes punishments for the people who murder, waylay, steal and commit adultery.
It contains moral provisions such as getting on well with people, respecting to parents, ordering good deeds while preventing men from bad ones...
It declares advices and recommendation for the happiness of this world and the hereafter.
There are many verses with the stories of previous prophets which have been set forth to act as teaching stories.
Its rules will last until the Day of Judgment and provide answers for all the needs of mankind.
FORBIDDANCE OF ATTRIBUTING
PARTNERS TO ALLAH (POLYTHEISM)
To know and confirm the existence and Oneness of Allah the Most High is the most momentous sacred obligation.
Ascribing partners to Allah, whether apparently or inconspicuously is the highest wrong-doing, the biggest sin.
He commands in His holy verse:
“Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else to whom He pleases, to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.” (Nisa: 48)
In another holy verse, it is ordered:
“Joining others in worship with Allah is a great wrong indeed.” (Luqman:31)
Our Exalted Prophet-may Allah commend and salute him- requires in his venerable hadiths:
“If anyone testifies that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone who has no partners and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger, and that Jesus is Allah’s slave and His Messenger and His Word “Be” which He bestowed on Mary and a spirit created by Him, and that Paradise is the truth and Hell is the truth, Allah will admit him into Paradise with the deeds which he had done even if those deeds were few.”
“He who dies without setting up partners with Allah enters Paradise, he who dies while assigning partners unto Allah ends up in Hell.”
To assign partners in His Person, Attributes and Acts while yet believing in Allah is apparent polytheism. Those who ascribe divinity to idols, statues, the moon, the sun, stars and some people set up partners with Him.
Men worshipping in order to show off, win the praise of others or for purposes other than Allah’s approval commit inconspicuous polytheism.
Allah the Most Great decrees in His holy verse:
“Have you seen him who has taken for his god his own desire?” (Furqan: 43)
It is a must for Muslims with the purpose of procuring Islamic monotheism to keep away absolutely from disbelief and all sorts of polytheism, apparent or inconspicuous.
It is directed in the venerable hadiths:
“Inconspicuous polytheism is to worship in order to gain the praise, respect or favor from people.”
Tawbah means to abstain from sins, turn to the Lord, do good deeds and follow the way of Almighty Allah.
In the holy Qur’an Almighty Allah requires:
“Seek forgiveness of your Lord and turn to Him in repentance.” (Hűd: 3)
Muhammad the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- states:
“He who repents of his sins is like a sinless man. On the other hand, he who both repents and goes on committing sins is like the one who mocks at Allah the Most High.”
Almighty Allah declares in the holy Qur’an that He accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance. When one is faced with death he repents but that sort of repentance is not accepted by Allah the Most Great.
“Allah accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and then quickly turn to Allah in repentance. Those are they whom Allah pardons, and Allah is ever Knower, Wise.” (Nisâ: 17)
Repentance is external and internal, they are defined as follows:
External repentance: A person should refrain from bad deeds and habits and should not return them nor covet their rememberance.
Inner repentance: Bad deeds should be converted into good ones and a man should be patient with these good deeds.
A repentant person who is unable to achieve the inner repentance, can not keep himself away from committing sins again.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- the Messenger of Allah decrees:
“To repent only with the tongue is the repentance of liars.”
A person being able to achieve inner repentance gives up bad deeds and even his tendency in his heart to commit them.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- states about the virtue of repentant youth like this:
“Certainly, Allah the Most High loves young man who spends his adolescence on the straight way of Allah.”
Allah the Most High declares:
“Call on Me, and I will answer your prayers.” (Mu’min: 60)
“I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he prays to Me.” (Baqara: 186)
“Say ‘My Lord will not be concerned for you, were it not for your supplication.” (Furqân: 77)
Entreaty is the acknowledgment of a man of his inability and weakness, to know that he is dependent on Him and to present his needs only and only to Him. It is itself the essence of worship.
A servant should know to whom he prays; that is he should not forget that he is a servant and Allah is the Creator. A servant should pray by thinking of the omnipotence and the greatness of Allah and should acknowledge his own incapability.
Supplication does not mean repeating unconsciously the same words again and again but knocking at the “door of Allah the Most High”.
To pray must not mean to avoid taking the necessary steps. A servant should take all the necessary measures and moreover there is the necessity of entreating. To take the necessary precautions is useless without entreaty.
Prayer and entreaty are the paths of Prophets, auliya (saint) and devout men.
Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah states:
“Allah the Most High loves servants who insistently pray.”
“If a servant can not obtain his wish as a result of his entreaty, Allah the Most Supreme gives merit in His sight.”
“Human plans do not prevent qadar (fate). But supplication of devout servants may escape man from calamities. Therefore, O servants of Allah, pray!”
ISLAM IS THE RELIGION OF BROTHERHOOD
Islam is a religion of brotherhood. A light has come to us from Allah the Most High; this light is the holy Qur’an. It commands us to brotherhood and solidarity:
“The believers are but a single brotherhood.” (Hujurat: 10)
“Be not like those who are divided amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving clear signs: For them is a dreadful penalty.” (Âl’ Imrân: 105)
“And hold fast, all together to the rope of Allah, and do not separate.” (Âl’ Imran:103)
“And obey Allah and His messenger, and dispute not with one another lest you falter and your strength depart from you.” (Anfâl: 46)
Discord and divisive behaviors are prohibited in Islam. Muslims are brothers. This brotherhood is eternal, continuing into the hereafter.
One, who loves his Muslim brothers and who is sorry over his brother’s griefs, is pleasing Almighty Allah .
The Messenger of Allah informs:
“There are such servants of Allah that Prophets and martyrs would envy (without malice) their status (degrees) in the hereafter. Moreover these men are neither prophets nor martyrs. They are the servants who love each other only for the sake of Allah although they have no kinship or material interest in common.
On the Day of Judgment, their faces will scatter light and their bodies will also be luminous. They will not feel fear or sadness.”
Before Islam enmity, grudge and wildness were widespread among the people. When Islam came, all this antagonism disappeared. Instead of strife, love and solidarity became the common principal characteristic of the Muslims. A pearless brotherhood and accord dominated the region. With the strength and power catalyzed by faith, solidarity, brotherhood, they have spread Islam. They have carried happiness, justice, security together with them to those new lands.
The Messenger of Allah declares:
“A Muslim can not attain mature faith if he does not desire for his Muslim brother what he desires for himself.”
Allah the Most High decrees in the holy Qur’an:
“Help one another in goodness and piety, and help not one another in sin and transgression.” (Mâ’ida: 2)
Allah the Most High not only made His Beloved Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him- the most honorable and respected man among His servants but also made Muhammad’s -peace be upon him- community the most noble among all other communities.
He states in the holy verse:
“You are the best community that has been raised up for mankind. You enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and you believe in Allah.” (Âl’ Imrân:110)
Muslims are more blessed than the other people because of their Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him.
The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad-peace be upon him- informs:
“My community is rendered the most blessed one amongst the peoples.”
Muhammad -peace be upon him- describes the characteristics of Muslims:
“Muslims are sociable and on familiar terms with other Muslims. Those who disrupt their friendships with others have not yet attained mature faith.”
“A Muslim causes little or no inconvenience upon other people.”
“A mature Muslim is more exalted in status than some angels.”
“A Muslim can not attain a mature faith if he does not desire for his Muslim brother what he desires for himself.”
NOT TO DESPAIR OF
THE MERCY OF
To despair of the Mercy and Forgiveness of Allah the Most High makes a man an unbeliever.
He ordains in the holy Qur’an:
“And My mercy embraces all things.” (A’râf: 156)
Because of this, a Muslim should not lose hope even in the most difficult of times. Allah the Most Supreme is the Most Forgiving, and the Most Merciful; He forgives all sins with sincere repentance.
“But, without doubt, I am (also) He that forgives again and again to those who repent, believe and do right who in fine are ready to receive true guidance.” (TâHâ: 82)
Although we commit sins, Almighty Allah invites us to repentance and declares that He will forgive:
“(O prophet!) Say: ‘O my slaves who have transgressed against their souls! Do not despair of Allah’s mercy! Surely Allah forgives all sins; for He is the All-Forgiving, the most Merciful.
Turn to your Lord repentant, and submit to Him, before the scourge overtakes you when you shall not be helped.” (Zumar: 53-54)
To be between fear and hope is very useful. Awe prevents man from committing sins and hope morally supports him.
Muhammad the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- declares:
“Someone who has an atom’s weight of faith in his heart does not eternally remain in Hell.”
TO BE GRATEFUL TO
Gratitude means using all Allah the Most High’s blessings according to their purposes of creation.
He decrees in the noble verses:
“Be grateful to Me, and reject not faith.” (Baqara: 152)
“If you are grateful, I will add more (favors) unto you.” (Abraham: 7)
There are three types of gratitude:
1) To be grateful with the tongue. It is to admit that all favors belong to Almighty Allah.
2) To perform good deeds in order to attain the Pleasure of Almighty Allah.
3) To think of the favors of Allah the Most High and to perceive that a humble servant is unable and incapable of being truely grateful to Him. This is the peak of gratitude.
In order to be able to be thankful of His blessings, one should think of them one by one. These thoughts lead man to gratitude. He comprehends that all blessings belong to Him and are from Him. By the increase of gratitude, Almighty Allah both protects those blessings and grants increase to them.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- informs:
“To be grateful for favors is a guarantee against their cessation.”
When Moses -peace be upon him- asked: “O Lord! Is it possible for a man to be grateful for your infinite benedictions?” Almighty Allah required: “It is, if he admits that all of them are from Me.”
(STRUGGLE AND FIGHTING
IN ALLAH’S CAUSE)
Almighty Allah enjoins in His holy verse that:
“And strive hard in Allah’s Cause as you ought to strive.” (Hajj: 78)
The pride of all beings Muhammad -may Allah commend and salute him- ordains:
“To strive in the cause of Allah is incumbent on you all.”
It has been understood through this and such other orders that struggling for the pleasure of Allah is prescribed upon all Muslims.
The purpose of jihad (striving, fighting in Allah’s path to make His religion superior) is the dissemination of Islam, the true religion, to all the corners of the world. In order to obtain this goal, it is a duty for every Muslim to endeavor hard with their utmost efforts, lives, properties and pens; so that people can reach the light of faith liberating themselves from the darknesses of unbelief. Thus Allah’s decree and religion might be victorious and mankind can embrace justice, peace and eternal happiness. Also, those who resist Allah’s religion and want to extinguish His light should be eliminated, idols and disbelief regimes be destroyed, men reach the truth.
Our Exalted Prophet -may Allah commend and salute him- states in his venerable hadiths that:
“The gates of Paradise are under the shades of the swords.”
“Allah puts those who fight for His cause in Paradise.”
“The most effective deed to invite Allah All-mighty’s Compassion is the struggle in His way that none of deeds is equal to it in reward.”
“War is a stratagem.”
That is, one who does not know warfare technology is liable to be defeated by enemy.
“A morning and an evening expedition in Allah’s cause is better than the world and what it contains.”
“Any one whose both feet get covered with dust in Allah’s cause will not be touched by the Hell-Fire.”
To struggle in Allah’s way (Jihad) does not mean to grasp a sword and decapitate or plundering the property of people, as some men imagine; quite the contrary, by inviting people to the true religion it is an endeavor to cause humans attain immortal life and everlasting bliss. Cruelty, oppression and injustice are prohibited in jihad. It does not involve the selfish desires of soul such as chauvinism, craving for reputation, wealth, dignity. The sole goal, only for Allah’s Approval, is to bring out humankind from the shades of unbelief into the endless bliss.
Allah the Most High declares in another holy verse:
“Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties; for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in Allah’s Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur’an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success.” (Tawba: 111)
All of the Muslims, in accordance with their situations, are charged with four types of jihad:
1- JIHAD AGAINST SOUL:
Islamic scholars have notified that a Muslim, first of all, has to strive against his own soul and they have described this effort as “the biggest jihad.”
Almighty Allah commands in His holy verses:
“O you who believe! Discipline your own souls. If you follow the right guidance, no hurt can come to you from those who stray.” (Maida: 105)
“So those who believe and mend their souls; upon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (An’am: 48)
In a venerable hadith it is said:
“True struggler is he who strives against his own soul.”
2- JIHAD WITH PROPERTY:
It is commanded in the holy verse:
“O you who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from a painful torment.
That you believe in Allah and His Messenger and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know!” (Saff: 10-11)
3- PHYSICAL JIHAD:
It is decreed in the holy verse:
“Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah tests those of you who fought and tests those who are patient?” (Al-Imran: 142)
4- JIHAD WITH TONGUE:
It is commanded in the holy verse:
“Invite mankind to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best.” (Nahl: 125)
Martyrdom is to sacrifice one’s life for the path of Allah when necessary.
Allah the Most Supreme informs of martyrs in His holy verses like that:
“Think not of those who are slain in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.
They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them of His Bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not yet joined them, but are left behind (not yet martyred) that on them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve.
They rejoice in a Grace and a Bounty from Allah, and that Allah will not waste the reward of the believers.” (Al-Imran: 169-170-171)
Our Exalted Prophet -may Allah commend and salute him- always wished this status and has consistently encouraged his community for it:
“In whose Hand is Muhammad’s life, I love to fight in the way of Allah and get martyred, to fight again and get martyred and to fight again and get martyred.”
“Nobody who has entered Paradise likes to go back to the world even if he may be given everything on the earth except a martyr who yearns to return to the world so that he may be slain ten times because of the honor he receives from Allah by virtue of his martyrdom.”
“A martyr is granted six qualities at the very moment that his blood is spilled:
1- His sins are forgiven
2- He sees his place in Paradise
3- He is got married with a pure wife of Heaven
4- He is secured from the great terror of the Day of Resurrection
5- He comes secure from the agonies and distress of grave
6- He is adorned with the raiment of faith”
“None of drops are more lovelier to Allah than a drop of blood spilled in His way.”
“The martyr in Allah’s cause does not feel the pain of death (killing) except like that of a pinch.”
Being martyred expiates all sins except debt.
Again, martyrdom causes a man to reach intercession status in the hereafter.
The Exalted Prophet-may Allah commend and salute him- explains in one of his hadiths:
“Each martyr can intercede for seventy of his family members.”
Martyrdom is a great blessing. It is a real benediction to be Muslim and to die as martyr.
In a venerable hadith, it is stated:
“Who asks Allah for martyrdom sincerely, Allah will bring him to the station of the martyrs, even if he dies in his bed.”
Things which are firmly prohibited in the holy Qur’an by Allah the Most High and in the hadiths by Muhammad -peace be upon him- are called prohibitions.
Allah the Most High has made all bad and harmful things forbidden and all good and pure things lawful.
“For he, the Prophet, commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure).” (A’râf: 157)
“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities.” (Nisâ: 29)
People, who do not obey divine prohibitions, are subject to punishment in this world under the religious laws and in the hereafter by the wrath of Allah the Most High.
As a matter of fact Allah the Most Great ordains:
“Whoever does that through aggression and injustice, We shall cast him into fire.” (Nisâ: 30)
There are two types of prohibitions:
1) Things which are totally and strictly prohibited: For example, swine flesh, alcoholic drinks...
2) Things which are in reality lawful; but by some means they become prohibitions such as stolen goods...
A man may eat without transgressing due limits of these impurities if he will otherwise be in real danger of starvation. Because absolute necessity renders permissible certain things which are normally forbidden.
“He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name has been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Baqara: 173)
To eat prohibited foods is to follow the way of Satan.
The Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- declares:
“Body grown up with prohibitions merits the fire of Hell.”
Prohibitions spoil spirituality of a Muslim and encourage committing of sins. Eating forbidden things leads to the commission of sins and committing sins leads to Hell.
On the other hand people, eating lawful things, are inclined to perform good deeds. Lawful foods produce wisdom in man.
In the holy verse, Allah the Most High enjoins:
“Whosoever kills a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind.” (Mâ’ida: 32)
“He who slays a believer intentionally, his reward is Hell forever, and the wrath and curse of Allah are upon him, and for him He has prepared a dreadful penalty.” (Nisâ: 93)
One of the most important blessings given to man is life. As Islam holds the dignity of life in high esteem, the religion takes all necessary precautions to ensure its security.
The Messenger of Allah declares:
“The destruction of the earth is better than slaying one Muslim.”
Allah values man as unique and noble creation. After unbelief, the greatest sin is homicide. The one who kills another will be punished in this world and in the hereafter. Yet if a murderer turns to Allah in repentance and seeks the forgiveness of His Lord, Allah the Most High may forgive Him, if He wants to.
To commit suicide is also prohibited in Islam. Life is a trust of Allah the Most Great. The right to terminate it belongs only to Him.
As slaying and beating of a person is prohibited, theft is also forbidden.
Allah the Most High enjoins:
“As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands: A punishment by way of example from Allah, for their crime. And Allah is Exalted in Power.” (Mâ’ida: 38)
With this holy verse, Allah the Most High protects goods of a person from an attack or assault. Due to the fear of potential amputation a deterrent attitude is maintained to ensure the security of goods and property.
During the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him- a woman had stolen something. Some people wanted to mediate between her tribe and the Messenger of Allah for the purpose of halting implimentation of the prescribed punishment. But nobody dared say anything. At last, when one of the disciples of Muhammad -peace be upon him- attempted to intervene; the Prophet said: “In the past, the Israelites cut off the hands of weak and poor thiefs and exempted the rich ones. By Allah, if Fatýmah, the daughter of Muhammad stole, I would cut off her hand.”
Then, he ordered the execution of the punishment.
The Messenger of Allah orders:
“People who pillage, who rob others or who organize the act are not from us.”
Buying of usurped properties is absolutely prohibited for a Muslim.
Allah the Most Supreme has prohibited gambling in the holy verses 90 and 91 of the Sura Maida.
“O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones and (divination by) arrows are an abomination of Satan’s handiwork: Eschew such (abomination) that you may prosper.
Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: Will you not then abstain?” (Maida: 90-91)
Like intoxicants gambling is also one of the major sins.
Allah the Most High granted property and money as blessings in order for men to meet their necessities of life in this world. Wasting them by gambling is totally contrary to their purpose of creation. Besides its own evil, gambling causes some other basenesses such as grudge, vengeange, greed, drinking intoxicants... Because of gambling man can not carry his duties out towards himself, his family, his society and his Creator. He remains deprived of the prosperity of this world and the hereafter.
Man should not waste his life by following the bad desires of his soul.
All the games of gaining and losing money such as dice, card games, sport betting, lottery, wagering etc. are considered gambling.
Islam prohibits adultery.
Almighty Allah decrees in the holy Qur’an:
“Do not approach adultery, for it is an indecent thing and an evil way.” (Isrâ: 32)
In the holy verse, it is not ordered “do not commit adultery” but instead “Do not approach adultery.” To be safe from the feeling of lust and from its dangers which lead to adultery is only possible by avoiding any approach or temptation to it. Any approach to it most probably would lead to the commission of this sin.
Because of this, Islam forbids adultery as well as all acts and deeds leading to it.
The punishments against the persons who venture to commit adultery are extremely heavy.
Therefore adultery is such a shameful deed that causes the degeneration of the genealogy and the family; it removes the chastity and the honor; it loosens the bonds of society and family; it works against the social and moral order; it may cause murders and feuds and loss of reputation, property. It promotes the spreading of various infections and possibly epidemic diseases.
THE PROHIBITION OF DRINKING INTOXICANTS
Islam attaches much importance to the protection of reason. Intoxicants and narcotic substances paralyse and stop the reasoning capacity of man. Moreover, they have many other harmful effects on body. Their usage often leads to excessive wastage of money and to the loss of dignity and honor.
Islam forbids all intoxicants and narcotic substances Allah the Most High enjoins:
“O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows are an abomination of Satan’s handiwork. Eschew such (abomination) that you may prosper.
Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: Will you not then abstain?” (Mâ’ida: 90-91)
Therefore whatever they are called and made from, all intoxicants, much or small, are forbidden.
EASE IN THE RELIGION
Allah the Most Supreme enjoins His servants to things which can be easily performed. He does not desire difficulties for His slaves.
He requires in the holy Qur’an:
“Allah does wish to lighten your (difficulties): For man was created weak (in flesh).” (Nisâ: 28)
“Allah puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. After a difficulty, Allah will soon grant relief.” (Talaq: 7)
“Allah desires for you ease; He desires not hardship for you.” (Baqara: 185)
Almighty Allah has granted two virtues solely to the people of Muhammad -peace be upon him: He has made them witnesses over all other people and He has not attributed difficulties to them.
When the Messenger of Allah had to choose between two things, he always chose the easiest one if it did not involve any prohibited act.
“Facilitate, do not make things difficult. Give good news, do not inculcate hatred.”
“Surely, this religion is very easy. He, who makes it difficult, can not be able to follow it. Therefore, be moderate.”
If the holy verses and sacred hadiths are examined, it can be seen that the entirety of Allah’s orders is based on ease.
A witness to the simplicity of His orders is that many people want acts of worship to be increased.
But there are also other people who perceive acts of worship as difficult. This is only due to the spiritual illness residing in their hearts. These spiritual diseases of heart prevent man from worshipping.
Allah the Most High orders:
“And prayer: It is indeed hard, except to those who bring a lowly spirit, who bear in mind the certainty that they are to meet their Lord, and that they are to return to Him.” (Baqara: 45-46)
This is an important basic principle of Islam.
Allah the Most Great ordered the implementation of this rule to all of His prophets.
In the verse He enjoins:
“Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: They are the ones to attain felicity.” (Âl’ Imrân: 104)
Allah the Most High decrees in the holy Qur’an about the virtue of enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong:
“You are the best community that has been raised up for mankind. You enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and you believe in Allah.” (Âl’ Imran: 110)
A Muslim should try to awaken the people who do not know divine truth, who do not think of the hereafter’s realities. Only if this task is performed, may the people find guidance and avoid acts which lead to destruction.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- states:
“Allah likes you, if you make bring the love of Allah to His slaves.”
“The virtuous man is the one who encourages the servants to worship and prayer in order to cause them to be loved by their Lord.”
TO BE PATIENT
He orders in the noble verse:
“And be patient and persevering: For Allah is with those who patiently persevere.” (Anfal: 46)
Patience means not to complain and not to show impatience in times of troubles and calamities.
Allah the Most High praises His patient believers in the holy Qur’an:
“And those who patiently persevere, seeking the countenance of their Lord.” (Ra’d: 22)
Allah tests faith of His believers in the turmoil and conflicts of life. Testing reveals the sincerity and faithfulness of believers. In tests and sorrows, the real inner faith comes into sight.
Tests are passed only with patience. Only by persevering do tests become lighter. Patience purifies hearts and causes one to reach Allah’s Approval.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- declares:
“To await the support of the Lord in times of pain and sorrow is a type of worship.”
“The best of patience is to persevere patiently and not complain of the hardships.”
A Muslim should abstain from sins by opposing the bad desires of his soul. Moreover, he should patiently persevere in performing the orders of the Lord and good acts.
Our Master Ali -may Allah be well pleased with him- who was one of the first four Caliphs after Muhammad -peace be upon him- stated:
“Be patient for the difficulties that you face. Persevere patiently, do not accuse others, do not keep hate in your heart for them. Don’t be harsh. If you follow all these, you can overcome all the difficulties and become a perfect individual.”
Allah the Most High has created this world as a working, examination place and the hereafter as a place of recompense or punishment.
“And that each can have nothing save what he strives for, and that his effort will be seen.” (Najm: 39-40)
Every Muslim has to earn the necessary money for his maintenance and for his family and to repay any debts.
Since a Muslim may perform his duties with his earnings, the whole act of procuring those earnings becomes an act of worship if the intention is for the sake of Allah.
Allah the Most High decrees in the holy Qur’an:
“And made your sleep for rest, and made the night as a covering and made the day as a means of subsistence.” (Naba: 9-10-11)
“And We have provided therein means of subsistence for you.” (Hijr: 20)
The Messenger of Allah commands:
“It is a duty for each Muslim to seek a means to earn his livelihood.”
“Work for this world as if you will never die and work for the hereafter as if you will die tomorrow.”
Islam strictly forbids laziness, begging and being a general burden on other people...
All our Master Prophets -peace be upon them- worked to earn their livings. Adam -peace be upon him- had made bread by cultivating wheat. Enoch -peace be upon him- was a tailor; Noah and Zachariah -peace be upon them- were carpenters; David -peace be upon him- was an ironworker, the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad -peace be upon him- was a merchant.
The companions of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad -peace be upon him- also worked to earn their livings.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- has praised diligent people and disliked slothful ones and disapproved of begging.
One morning, the Messenger of Allah and his disciples saw a powerful young man passing. The disciples said: “Shame on him! It would be better for him if he would have spent his youth and power for the sake of Allah. Whereas the Messenger of Allah ordered: “Don’t say like that! He is on the way of Allah if he set off to earn his living or his children’s livings. But he is on the way of Satan if he set off for hypocrisy and boasting.”
One day, some people came to the Prophet. They said: “There is a devout man in our land, he always fast during the day and always worships through the night. The Messenger of Allah asked them how he earned his livelihood. They responded: “We provide him the necessary goods and foods; he does not work.” And the Messenger of Allah said: “If this is so, then you all have superiority over him (in your devoutness).”
He also states:
“The best among you are not those who neglect the world for the hereafter or their hereafter for the world, but those who work for both and who are not burdens on people.”
To earn more money in order to aid the poor and relatives is praised in Islam.
HONESTY IN TRADE:
In Islam trade is based on honesty and goodness. Illicit trade, black-marketeering, usury, deceiving, lying, swearing are forbidden. Prices should be fair, they should not be too excessive. Both buyer and seller must obey commercial rules of Islam. Also, to give just measure and weights with accurate scales are important aspects of trade in Islam.
The Messenger of Allah honored people obeying these rules.
“The most valuable things of a man are his children and honest trade.”
“An honest and trusty merchant will be resurrected together with prophets, eminently truthful men and martyrs on the Day of Judgment.”
Each Muslim dealing with buying and selling should know the religious rules of commerce.
Both Almighty Allah and the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad -peace be upon him- declare the virtue and grace of knowledge and the merit of those who have knowledge. They also announce that knowledge is a great blessing.
Allah the Most High commands in the holy Qur’an:
“Allah will raise up to (suitable) ranks (and degrees) those of you who believe and who have been granted knowledge.” (Mujâdila: 11)
In another holy verse He praises knowledge and the people of knowledge:
“Say (to them, O Muhammad): ‘Can those who know and those who do not know ever be equal?” (Zumar: 9)
Muhammad -peace be upon him- encourages Muslims to education and knowledge:
“It is obligatory on every Muslim to seek knowledge.”
“Knowledge is the lost property of a Muslim. Wherever he finds it, he takes it.”
TO EAT AND DRINK HONESTLY
Almighty Allah allows man to eat pure and honestly earned foods.
“O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and clean in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil, for he is indeed an open enemy to you.” (Baqara: 168)
In another noble verse, He particularly decrees for the Muslims to consume pure sustenances.
Our Master Prophet declares:
“To seek, earn and eat lawful foods are duties for every Muslim.”
TO SURRENDER TO
THE DECREE OF ALLAH
To be pleased with all judgments of Almighty Allah is one of the most virtuous deeds.
He decrees in the holy Qur’an:
“But the greatest bliss is the Good Pleasure of Allah.” (Tawba: 72)
“Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the party of Allah.” (Mujadila: 22)
He instructs to His Blessed Messenger Muhammad -peace be upon him:
“So wait with patience for the judgment of your Lord.” (Qalam: 48)
We have come into this world to be tested. We will be exposed to many challenges. We will complete our deeds and die.
Whatever is recorded in the Book of Decrees about the universe and all things happens. Mankind is incapable of changing it.
He requires in the holy Qur’an:
“No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence: That is truly easy for Allah.
In order that you may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favors bestowed upon you.” (Hadid: 22-23)
He who wants happiness in this world and the hereafter should turn and obey Almighty Allah.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- informs:
“Shame on that person who is not pleased with Allah’s Qada (decree) while yet praising Allah.
TO GET PREPARED
Death is the end of this mortal universe and the beginning of the eternal life.
The destruction of the universe is the major doomsday, the death of man is the minor doomsday.
In the holy Qur’an Almighty Allah orders:
“Every soul shall taste of death.” (Al’ Imran: 185)
We should be well prepared for death.
“He who created death and life, that He may try which of you is best in deed.” (Mulk: 2)
Muhammad -peace be upon him- the Messenger of Allah informs:
“Get prepared for death by repentance and leaving bad deeds and sins.”
We should realize from now, why we are created, where we are going and how we should secure our eternal life.
It is a necessity to be prepared for death. Muhammad -peace be upon him- declares:
“Three things go with a dead person to his grave: His family, his property and his deeds. Two of them return, the other remains. His family and property return, his deeds remain.”
When our time is over we will all die. We have come and we are going to return. Today we live, tomorrow we will be in grave.
We should be aware of the purpose of our creation. We can not stop death but we can get prepared for it.
As our Creator did not consult anybody when He has sent us this world; He will also not ask us when He will take our lives back. Each breath is a step towards death. We are passengers, life is a voyage. We do not think death consciously; we act as if we will never die.
The most precious fortune is life.
Muhammad -peace be upon him- declares:
“There are two important blessings that most of people are not aware of them: Health and spare time.”
We need Almighty Allah. Death will come and we will not be able to return again to this world. When we will be in our grave no one will help us.
Almighty Allah decrees:
“And they cry for help there, (saying): ‘Our Lord! Release us; we will do right, not (the wrong) that we used to do.’ Did We not grant you a life long enough for him who reflected to reflect therein? And the warner came unto you.” (Fâtýr: 37)
One of the signs of loving Allah, is to love death. Because death causes man to reach his Creator. If we really love our Lord, we should not fear death’s arrival.
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