ISLAM

Islam has started with Adam -peace be upon him, the first man and prophet; in time and with new prophets it has always progressed towards perfection. Moses -peace be upon him- was sent a more extensive and excellent form of Islam than that which was sent to Noah -peace be upon him. Jesus -peace be upon him- was sent a more broad and superior form of Islam than that which was sent to Moses -peace be upon him. By the arrival of Muhammad -peace be upon him- Islam has been completely perfected and taken its final form.

In the holy Qur’an Allah the Most High orders:

“This day have I perfected your religion for you, and completed my favor upon you, and chosen for you as religion Islam.” (Maida: 3)

Until the Judgment Day after Islam, Allah the Most Great will not initiate a new religion and prophet.

Almighty Allah requires in the holy Qur’an:

“The religion in the sight of Allah is Islam.” (Al’ Imran: 19)

Islam has the peculiarity to respond to all moral and material needs. To follow other religions but not Islam is to abandon the way of the prophets.

In the following verses, Allah the Most High states:

“So set you your face steadily and truly to the Faith: (Establish) Allah’s handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: No change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: That is the standard Religion but most among mankind understand not.” (Rum: 30)

“Are they (the Christians and Jews) seeking a religion other than the religion of Allah when all that is in the heavens and on earth submits to Him, willingly or unwillingly, and they will be returned to Him.” (Al’ Imran: 83)

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter; he will be in the ranks of those who have lost.” (Al’ Imran: 85)

“And if any of you turns back from their faith and dies in unbelief, their works will bear no fruit in this life and in the Hereafter; they will be companions of the Fire and will abide therein.” (Baqara: 217)

Allah the Most High will continue to provide His support to His prophet and His religion with different manifestations. Islam will be permanent till the Day of Judgment.

Almighty Allah declares:

“Their intention is to extinguish Allah’s light with their mouths: But Allah will complete (the revelation of) His light, even though the unbelievers may detest (it).” (Saff: 8)

“It is He who has sent His Apostle with guidance and the religion of truth to proclaim it over all religion, even though the pagans may detest it.” (Tawba: 33)

The superiority of Islam over all other religions is not reserved for the lifetime of Muhammad -peace be upon him-; this divine decision will last till the Last Day. Now too, Islam, the religion of truth, is surpassing and dominating over all religions.

In the holy Qur’an He enjoins:

“It is He who has sent His Apostle with guidance and the religion of truth, to proclaim it over all religions and enough is Allah for a witness.” (Fath: 28)

In every time and every place, the future of Islam is not obscure but brilliant. The reason of the apparent darknesses occuring from time to time over Muslims is to let Islam rest and to awaken it again.

He decrees in His holy verse:

“Allah has promised to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me. If any do reject faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.” (Nur: 55)

 

THE CONFESSION OF FAITH

The confession of faith is the first main principle of Islam and it is the door into Islam.

The first condition to be a Muslim is to have conviction in faith. In order to have faith, one must confess his or her faith by pronouncing the “confession of faith”: “I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the servant and the Messenger of Allah.”

One, who testifies verbally this confessional sentence with tongue and certifying it with heart, becomes Muslim, while he or she was an unbeliever. Before the confession one was in a state of recieving Divine wrath, upon this testimony one enters into the Divine mercy.

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad -peace be upon him- has stated the confession of faith as the first condition of Islam due to its great importance.

After bearing witness to the existence, the Unity of Allah the Most High and that there is no deity but Allah; it is also necessary to affirm that Muhammad -peace be upon him- is the servant and messenger of Allah.

Allah the Most Great has required to have faith in him (Muhammad) as the second pillar of faith. He has mentioned his name together with His own name. He has clearly proclaimed his virtue and his excellence, his honor and his dignity and his value to mankind. In order to exalt him, He has attributed to him His own names; such as All-clement, All-merciful, Exalted in Might. He has sent him as a mercy for all creatures. He is a guiding light: One can reach Allah the Most High only by following him. Allah the Most Suprem has made him the means of guidance for people.

In one of his hadiths, he declares:

“The one, who considers Allah as the Lord, Islam as his religion, Muhammad as his messenger, has the sweetness (delight) of faith.”

Of Muhammad’s -peace be upon him- companions, Ubâde the son of Sâmit -may Allah be well pleased with him- said while he was dying: “I swear that I have informed you about whatever I heard from the Messenger of Allah. But I have only one relation that I have not mentioned, yet. I can die now and I will say it then he related the following:

“Allah the Most High forbids the fire of Hell to whoever confirms the confession of faith.”

In another hadith:

“Whoever bears witness to the unity of Allah the Most High, will enter Heaven.” Yet he may still be punished in proportion to his sins.

Another companion of Muhammad -peace be upon him-, Enes -may Allah be well pleased with him-, stated:

Muaz bin Jabal was on the camel at the back of the saddle of the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him-, “O Muaz!” he said. “At your service O Prophet of Allah” he answered. This was repeated three times. And he stated: “Whoever bears witness, by confirming with his heart, that there is no deity but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger; Allah will forbid him to enter Hell.”

Muaz replied: “O Messenger of Allah! Can I announce this to the people as a glad tiding?”.

“No, you can’t: They may rely on this.” he answered.

But Muaz recounted this event while he was dying in order to avoid committing a sin, of keeping knowledge from the people.

 

ADHAN

(Call of the Faithful

to Regular Prayers)

 

Adhan are those Divine phrases that inform Muslims of the time of the regular prayers; it is recited at the beginning of each regular prayer. It is a confirmed Sunna.

It is recited (loudly) as follows:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar

Ash-hadu an lâ ilâha illallah

Ash-hadu an lâ ilâha illallah

Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah

Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah

Hayya-alas-Salâh, Hayya-alas-Salâh

Hayya-alal-Falâh, Hayya-alal-Falâh

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar

Lâ ilâha illallah.

 

THE REGULAR PRAYERS

Allah the Most High orders in His holy verse:

“For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.” (Nisâ: 103)

Muhammad the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- ordered:

“Everything has a distinguishing sign. The sign of faith is the regular prayers.”

“What do you think? If a river flows in front of your house and if you wash in it five times a day, will there remain any speck of dirt on you?”

No, nothing will remain.” replied some of his companions.

“Look, the regular five prayers are similar to this. Allah in this way removes the sins.”

After the declaration of belief as in the confession of faith, the most important enjoined duty for a Muslim is the regular prayers. It was enjoined not only on Muhammad’s -peace be upon him- community but also on the all former communities.

The regular prayers are a type of worship performed by heart, tongue and body in order to thank and respect the infinite favors and benevolences of Allah the Most Great.

According to a hadith, they are a condition of Islam, a pillar of the religion, a guide for worship, a key to Paradise.

By performing the regular prayers, the main and great basis of Islam is constituted; it is the leading condition for salvation.

To perform continuously and regularly the regular prayers leads a man to mature faith. They are an atonement for sins except the major ones. If they are correctly performed, they restrain man from shameful and unjust deeds.

The different types of worships performed by the angels are gathered in the regular prayers: Some angels worship standing, others while sitting, and others worship bowing down and prostrating.

The Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- decrees:

“Between man and disbelief, there is only the abandoning of the regular prayers.”

“Between a servant and polytheism, there is the abandoning of the regular prayers.” That is, to abandon them is as if a person is attributing to Allah associates in His divinity; consequently they prevent a person from disbelief.

The times of the regular prayers are as follows: Morning, Noon, Afternoon, Sunset and Night.

 

THE FIVE DAILY (REGULAR) PRAYERS

A Muslim has to perform five prayers every day:

A. The Early-Morning (or Fajr) prayer, the time of which starts after dawn and ends before sunrise.

B. The Noon (or early-afternoon) prayer, the time of which starts just after midday when the sun begins to decline in the afternoon.

C. The Afternoon (or late-afternoon: ‘Asr) prayer, the time of which starts when the sun is about midway on its course to setting, extending till the sun begins to set.

D. The Evening (or Maghrib) prayer, the time of which extends between the setting of the sun and the disappearance of the red sunset glow in the west.

E. The Night (or Isha) prayer, the time of which extends between the time the full darkness of the night sets in, and the Early-Morning prayer of the next day.

 

RITUAL ABLUTION (WUDHU)

The ablution is a type of cleansing performed with water. The ritual ablution is obligatory in Islam before the performance of the regular prayers.

Allah, the Most Great, ordains in His holy verse:

“O you who believe! When you prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles.” (Maidaa: 6)

As stated in the holy verse, to wash the face, to wash the arms up to and including the elbows, to rub with the wet palms of the hands one fourth of the head, to wash the feet up to and including the ankles are the obligatory acts of ritual ablution (wudhu).

 

THE THINGS THAT NULLIFY

ABLUTION (WUDHU)

The following things nullify the ablution:

1) Impurities or gas that come out from our body, either from the front or from the back.

2) Blood, pus, or yellow fluid that flows out from any part of the body.

3) Bleeding from the mouth an amount equal to or greater than the saliva.

4) Falling asleep while in a lying position or while leaning against something.

5) Vomiting a mouthful

6) Laughing, while performing a regular prayer, loud enough so that someone next to you can hear.

7) Fainting.

Without ablution, these devotions are not allowed to be performed:

1) Regular prayer can not be performed

2) The Holy Qur’an or one of its holy verses can not be touched.

3) The Holy Kaaba can not be circumambulated.

4) Prostration can not be performed when read the prostration verses.

 

THE REQUIREMENTS OF

THE REGULAR PRAYERS

1) Cleansing From The State Of Impurity:

It is to be cleansed from the unseen moral impurities that are called “hadath” by means of either minor ritual ablution (wudhu), or major ritual bath (ghusl).

2) Cleansing From Physical Impurities (Nejasett):

It is to cleanse ourselves, our clothing and the place where we are going to perform the prayer from visible material impurities.

3) Covering Of The Private Parts (Satr-ý Awrah):

It is to properly cover our private parts.

4) Facing In The Direction Of The Qýblah:

It is to perform a prayer facing in the direction of the Kaaba, which is in Makkah al-Mukarramah.

5) The Time (Waqt):

It is to perform all the prayers at their due times.

6) Intention (Niyah):

It is to say silently the intention to perform the particular salat that is due at that time.

 

THE REQUIREMENTS WITHIN

THE REGULAR PRAYERS

1) The Opening Takbir (Iftitah Takbir):

It is to begin a prayer with the saying of the Takbir, “ALLAH-U AKBAR” (Allah is the Greatest).

2) Standing (Qýyam):

It is to stand for a period of time in prayer.

3) Recitation (Qýr’aat):

It is to recite from the Noble Qur’an during prayer.

4) Bowing (Ruku’):

It is to bow down in salat by placing the hands on the knees, the upper body being parallel to the ground.

5) Prostration (Sujud):

It is to prostrate by placing the nose, the fore head, the hands, the knees and the front portion of the feet on the ground.

6) Final Sitting (Qa’de-i Akhirah):

It is to sit down at the end of a prayer for at least as long as one needs to recite the supplication called “At-Tahiyyatu”.

 

THE PERFORMANCE OF

TWO RAKATS (UNITS) PRAYER

• By reciting Audhu-Basmala, the person summons the intent of prayer (I intend to perform the sunnah rakats of the morning prayer for the pleasure of Allah)

• Both hands are raised, saying “Allah-u Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) and they are held below the navel.

• Next, the supplication of “Subhanakah” is recited, Audhu-Basmala is said, then “Fatihah” (The Opening Chapter of the Holy Qur’an) is recited. Having recited Fatihah, the worshipper says “Ameen”. After Fatihah, one recites a short chapter (sura) of the Holy Qur’an.

• The worshipper then bends forward in the “Rukou” (Bowing down), saying “Allah-u Akbar”. He places the palms of his hands on his knees, saying “Subhana Rabb’i-y-al Adhiym” (Glory to my Lord, the Most Great) three times. Next the worshipper raises the head and stands up as saying: “Sami Allah-u il-man hamidah” (Allah hears one who praises Him). With the hands let down at the sides and standing straight for a moment, one says “Rabb’ana lakal hamd” (Lord! To you alone belong all kinds of perfect praise).

• After “Allah-u Akbar” is said and prostration is made with the knees first, then our hands, then the forehead and finally the nose touches the ground. In prostration one whispers “Subhana Rabb’iy-al-A’la” (Glory to my Lord, the Most High) three times. He raises his head, saying “Allah-u Akbar” and assumes a sitting position. Then he throws himself into another prostration, saying “Allah-u Akbar”. When his forehead rests on the ground, he whispers “Subhana Rabiyal A’la” three times.

• After this, he stands up erect, saying “Allah-u Akbar” and clasped the hands. Then he recites “Basmala” (In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful), “Fatihah” and a sura from the Holy Qur’an.

• One, then, makes the bowing and prostrations in the same manner as in the first rakat. After the second prostration, one says “Allah-u Akbar” and sits as is done between the two prostrations.

• Then he recites in order the supplication of “At-Tahiyyatu”, the supplication of “Allahumma salli”, “Allahumma barik” and the supplication of “Rabbana”. After reciting the above supplications, he concludes his prayer by turning his face to the right, saying “As-Salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah). Then he turns to the left and repeats the same statement.

• After the salutation, one recites “Allahumma antas-Salaam, wa minkas-Salaam, Tabarakta ya dhaljalali walikram” (O my Allah! You are Peace and from you comes Peace. Blessed are You, O the Possessor of Majesty and Honor.)

 

THE FIVE DAILY REGULAR PRAYERS

MORNING PRAYER

• It is four rakats (units): Two rakats sunnah, two rakats fardh (obligatory).

• Both rakats are performed as explained above.

 

NOON PRAYER

• It is ten rakats: First four rakats sunnah, four rakats fardh, the final two rakats sunnah.

The performance of the first four rakats sunnah: After the first two rakats are performed, when one assumes sitting position, recites only “At-Tahiyyatu” and saying “Allah-u Akbar” he stands erect. By saying “Basmala” two more rakats are performed and he concludes the prayer by salutation.

The performance of the fardh: It is performed as the sunnah prayer. Whereas no chapter of the Holy Qur’an, other than the Fatihah, is recited in the third and fourth rakats.

The performance of the final sunnah: It is performed as the sunnah of the morning prayer.

 

THE AFTERNOON PRAYER:

• It is eight rakats: Four rakats sunnah, four rakats fardh.

The performance of the four rakats sunnah: After the first two rakats, in the middle sitting, together with “At-tahiyyatu” the supplications of “Allahumma Salli and Barik” are also recited. Then one stands up straight, saying “Allah-u Akbar”. He recites, in order, “Subhanaka”, “Audhu-Basmala” and concludes the remaining two rakats.

The performance of the fardh: It is performed like the four rakats fardh prayer of the noon prayer.

 

THE SUNSET PRAYER:

• It is five rakats: Three rakats fardh, two rakats sunnah.

The performance of the fardh: After the two first rakats, in the middle sitting, it is recited only “At-tahiyyatu”. The worshipper stands up straight, saying “Allah-u Akbar”. He recites, in order, “Basmala”, “the surah Fatihah”. Without reciting a surah of the Holy Qur’an, he bows down, performs one more rakats and he concludes with salutation.

The performance of the sunnah: It is like the sunnah of the morning prayer.

 

THE NIGHT PRAYER

• It is thirteen rakats: Four rakats sunnah, four rakats fardh, two rakats final sunnah, three rakats witr.

The performance of the sunnah: It is performed as the sunnah of the afternoon prayer.

The performance of the fardh: It is performed as the fardhs of the noon and afternoon prayer.

The performance of the final sunnah: It is performed as the sunnah of the morning prayer.

The performance of witr: After the performance of the first two rakats, while sitting, one recites only “At-tahiyyatu”. He stands up, saying “Allah-u Akbar”. One recites, in order, “Basmala”, the “Fatihah” and a short chapter (surah) of the Holy Qur’an. Then the hands are raised, saying “Allah-u Akbar” and they are held below the navel. The supplications of “Qunut” are recited by the worshipper. Then he bows down, saying “Allah-u Akbar”, he makes prostrations and he concludes the prayer.

AYAT AL-KURSI

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Allahu la ilaha illa Hu’wal Hayyu’l Qayyum. La ta’khu dhuhu sinatun-wa la nawm. Lahu ma fi’s-samawati wa ma fi’l-ardh. Man-dhalladhi yashfa’u indahu illa bi-idhnih. Ya’lamu ma bayna aydihim wa ma khalfahum. Wa la yuhituna bishay’in min ilmihi illa bimasha’. Wasia’ kursiyyu hu’s-samawati wa’l-ardh. Wa la ya’uduhu hif’dhuhuma wa Huwa’l-Aliyyu’l Adhim.”

In the name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.

“Allah! There is no god save Him; the Alive, the Eternal (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists). Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave? He knows what happens and will happen to His creatures They encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He wills. His Kursi includes the heavens and the earth. He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.”

 

 

 

 

THE SURAHS RECITED IN

THE REGULAR PRAYERS

SURAH AL-FATIHAH

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Al-hamdu lillahi Rabb’il-alamin, Ar-Rahman-ir-Rahim, Maliki Yawm-id-Din. Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’in. Ihdina’s-Sirat’al-Mustakim, Sirat-al-ladhina an’ amta alayhim, Ghayr’il maghdhubi alayhim, Wa ladh’dhallin.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgment.

(O our Lord!) You alone we worship and You alone we ask for help. Show us the straight path. The path of those whom You has favored. Not the path of those who earn Your anger nor of those who go astray!”

 

SURAH AL-FIL

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Alam tara kayfa faala Rabb’uka bi-ashab-il Fil. Alam yaj’ al kaydahum fi tadhlil. Wa arsala alayhim tayran Ababil. Tarmihim bi-hijaratinminsijjil. Faja’alahum ka’asfinma’kul.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“O My Messenger! Have you not seen how Your Lord dealt with the owners of the Elephant? (who came to destroy the Kaaba) Did He not bring their stratagem to naught? Sent against them swarms of Ababil birds. Those birds pelted them with stones of baked clay. Then He made them like green crops devoured.”

 

SURAH QURAISH:

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Li ilafi Qurayshin. Ilafihim rihlatash’shita’i-was-Sayf. Fal ya’budu Rabb’ahadhal-Bayt Alladhi at’amahum-min’ju’in wa amanahum min-khawf.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“For the taming of Quraish, for their taming (We cause) the caravans to set forth in winter and summer. So let them worship the Lord of this House (Kaaba), Who has fed them against hunger and has made them safe from fear.”

 

 

 

 

SURAH AL-MÂ-ÛN

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Ara’ aytalladhi yukadh’dhibu-bid-Din. Fadhalika’l-ladhi yadu’ul-yatim. Wa la yahudh’dhu ala taamil-miskin. Fawaylunl-lil musallin. Alladhinahum an salatihim sahun. Alladhinahum yura’una wa yamna’una’l-ma’un.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“O My Messenger! Have you observed him who belies the Religion. That is he who repulses the orphan. And urges not the feeding of the needy. So woe unto those performers of prayers, who are heedless of their prayer; who want but to be seen. Yet refuse small kindnesses (zakat).”

 

SURAH AL-KAWTHAR

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Inna a’taynaka’l-kawthar. Fasalli li-Rabbika wanhar. Inna shani’aka huwa’l-abtar.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“O My Messenger! Verily We have given you the fount of abundance. So pray unto your Lord, and sacrifice. It is your insulter who is without posterity.”

SURAH AL-KAFIRUN

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Qul ya ayyuha’l-kafirun. La a’budu ma ta’budun. Wa la antum abiduna ma a’bud. Wa la ana abidum-ma abadtum. Wa la antum abiduna ma a’bud. Lakum dinukum wa liyadin.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“Say: O disbelievers!

I worship not that which you worship.

Nor worship you that which I worship.

And I shall not worship that which you worship.

Nor will you worship that which I worship.

Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion.”

 

SURAH AN-NASR

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Idha ja’a nasr’ullahi wa’l-fath. Wa ra’aytan-nasa yad’khuluna fi Din’illahi afwaja. Fasabbih bi-hamdi Rabb’ika wastaghfir-Hu. Inna-Hu kana tawwaba.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“O My Messenger! When Allah’s succour and the day of the triumph comes, and you see mankind entering the religion of Allah in troops, so glorify the Praises of your Lord, and ask for His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who ever accepts the repentance and forgives.”

 

SURAH ABU LAHAB

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Tabbat yada Abi Lahabin wa tabba. Ma aghna anhu maluhu wama kasab. Sayasla naran dhata lahab. Wa’m-ra’atuhu hammalata’l-hatab. Fi ji-diha hablum-min-masad.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“Perish the hands of Abu Lahab! And perish he. His wealth and gains will not exempt him. He will be plunged in flaming Fire; and his wife, the wood-carrier, will have upon her neck a halter of palm-fibre.”

 

SURAH AL-IKHLAS

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Qul Hu’w’Allah-u Ahad. Allah’us-Samad. Lam yalid wa lam yulad. Wa lam yakul-lahu kufuwan Ahad.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“Say: He is Allah, the One. Allah is Samad; he is the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need; He needs nothing. He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.”

 

SURAH AL-FALAQ

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Qul audhu bi Rabb’il-Falaq. Min-sharri ma khalaq. Wa min-sharri ghasiqin idha waqab. Wa min-sharrin naffathati fi’l-uqad. Wa min-sharri hasidin idha hasad.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak. From the evil of that which He created; from the evil of the darkness when it is intense; and from the evil of the witchcrafts when they blow in the knots, and from the evil of the envier when he envies.”

 

SURAH AN-NAS

“Bismillahir-Rahman-ir-Rahim.

Qul audhu bi Rabb’in-nas. Maliki’n-nas. Ilahi’n-nas. Minsharri’l waswasi’l-khannas. Alladhi yuwaswisu fi suduri’n-nas. Mina’l-jinnati wa’n-nas.”

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

“Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, The King of mankind, The God of mankind, from the evil of the sneaking whisperer, who whispers in the breasts of mankind of the jinns and of men.”

SUPPLICATIONS RECITED IN

THE REGULAR PRAYERS

SUPPLICATION OF SUBHANAKAH

“Subhanaka-Allahumma-wa-bi-hamdik. Wa tabaraq’asmuk. Wa Ta’ala-jadduk. (Wa jalla thana’uk)(*). Wa la ilaha ghay’ruk.”

“O my Allah! You are exempt from imperfect attributes. I always bless and praise You. Blessed is Your name. Most High is Your Grandeur and Glory. And there is no god but You.”

SUPPLICATION OF AT-TAHIYYATU

“At-Tahiy’yatu lil’lahi wa’s-Salawatu wa’t-Tayyibat. As-Salamu alayka ayyuha’n-Nabiyyu wa Rahmatul’lahi wa barakatuh. As-Salamu alaina wa ala ibadi’l-lahi’s-Salihin. Ash-hadu an-la ilaha ill’Allah wa ash’hadu anna Muhammad’an abduhu wa Rasuluh.”

“All kinds of verbal, bodily and financial devotions belong only to Allah. Greetings to you, O My Prophet, and the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah. Peace be upon us and on the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah. And again I bear witness that Muhammad -peace be upon him- is His Servant and Messenger.”

SALAWAT-I SCHARIFA

“Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad. Kama sallayta ala Ibrahima wa al-i Ibrahim. Innaka hamid-un-Majid.”

“O my Allah! Send mercy to the Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him- and to the members of the family of Muhammad -peace be upon him-, as You have granted mercy to the Prophet Abraham -peace be upon him- and to the members of the family of Abraham -peace be upon him. Verily Praiseworthy, All-Glorified are You!”

“Allahumma barik ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad. Kama barakta ala Ibrahima wa ala ali-Ibrahim. Innaka hamidun-Majid.”

“O my Allah! Send blessings upon Muhammad -peace be upon him- and the members of the family of Muhammad -peace be upon him- as You have blessed Abraham -peace be upon him- and the members of the family of Abraham -peace be upon him. Surely All-Praiseworthy, All-Glorious are You.”

 

SUPPLICATION OF RABB’ANA

“Rabb’ana atina fi’d-dunya hasanatan wa fi’l-akhirati hasanatan wa kina adhaban-nar. Bi-Rahmatika ya Arham-ar-Rahimin.”

“Rabb’anagh-firli wa li walidayya wa lil mu’minina yawma yakumul hisab.”

“ O our Lord! Grant us prosperity and goodness in this world and grant us prosperity and goodness in the Hereafter. O my Allah Who is the most Merciful One of the Merciful! Protect us from the chastisement of the Fire with Your Mercy...”

“O our Lord! Forgive me, my parents and all believers on the Day of Judgment.”

 

SUPPLICATIONS OF QUNUT

“Allahumma inna nasta’inuka wa nastagh-firuka, wa nastahdika, Wa nu’minu-bika, wa natubu ilayka, wa natawakkalu alayka, Wa nuthni alayka’l khayra kullahu nashkuruka, wa la nakfuruk, Wa nakhla’u, wa natruku man yafjuruk.”

“O my Allah! We pray to You for assistance, for guidance and for forgiveness. O my Allah! We believe in You and we turn to You in repentance and we rely on You in all our deeds and we trust in You. We praise You and say that all kinds of goodness have been bestowed upon us by You. We thank You for the abundant bounties You have granted us and we are not ungrateful to You. We turn away from and leave such people that are ungrateful to You.”

“Allahumma iyyaka na’budu, wa laka nusalli, wa nasjudu, Wa ilayka nas’a, wa nahfidu narju rahmataka, Wa nakhsha adhabaka inna adhabaka bi’l-kuffari mulhiq.”

“O my Allah! To You alone we pray and to You alone we worship. For You alone we perform ritual prayers and for You alone we make prostrations. To You alone we run. We worship You with love and we hope for Your mercy and we fear Your chastisement, for Your chastisement catches the unbelievers.”

 

FASTING

One of the greatest and important basic principles of Islam is to fast during the month of Ramadan.

In the holy Qur’an Almighty Allah requires:

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you; that you will perhaps guard yourselves (against evil).” (Baqara: 183)

Fasting means intentionally abstaining from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse from dawn till sunset.

Fasting is a secret and virtuous worship. The reward of fasting is beyond all measures.

In a sacred hadith the Messenger of Allah states:” Almighty Allah instructs:

Each deed of a person belongs to him but the fast is Mine; I give personally its recompense.”

In the hadiths Muhammad -peace be upon him- declares:

“In Heaven, there is a gate called ‘Reyyan’. On the Day of Judgment only those who fasted will be allowed to enter Heaven from that gate. ‘Where are fasting people?’ it will be asked. As a result of this they will enter Heaven and it will be closed and nobody will be able to enter again from that gate.”

“A fasting Muslim is considered as worshipping until sunset, if he does not ill-treat or inflict pain on another Muslim.”

“There are two times when a fasting person experiences joy: One is when he breaks a fast at sunset; the other when he meets his Lord.”

“There is no hypocrisy associated with fasting.”

The value of fasting is outstanding among other worships. The fast removes vanity and self-admiration, increases pious reverence and gives light to the heart and reason.

According to Muhammad -peace be upon him-; everything has a key, the key of worship is the fast. Everything has an alms, the alms of body is the fast.

Fasting is half of patience; there is health in fasting.

A sleeping and silent fasting person is considered to be in a state of worship.

The past sins of an individual who fasts during Ramadan with belief in its virtue and hoping for his reward from Allah the Most Great are forgiven.

 

ZAKAT

The institution of zakat is a form of worship mentioned usually in most of noble verses along with the prescribed prayers.

“Establish the Prayer, and pay Zakât.” (Baqara: 110)

There are five pillars of Islam; one of them is zakat. The Messenger of Allah Muhammad -peace be upon him- informs:

“Almighty Allah does not consider to accept faith and the regular prayers of men who do not pay their zakats.”

“He, who does not pay zakat from his wealth, will be in the fire on the Day of Judgment.”

“Inform those of the fire who take interest and do not give their zakat.”

“The maturity of your Islamic faith depends on paying your zakat”

“To pay zakat does not lessen wealth.”

To discharge zakat increases abundance of wealth.

The Messenger of Allah Muhammad -peace be upon him- declares:

“Anyone whom Allah has given wealth but he does not pay its zakat; then, on the Day of Resurrection, his wealth will be presented to him in the shape of a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two poisonous glands in its mouth and it will encircle itself round his neck and bite him over his checks and say: ‘I am your wealth; I am your treasure.” Then the Prophet recited this divine verse:

“And let not those who covetously withhold of the gift which Allah has given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: No, it will be the worse for them: Soon shall the things which they covetously withheld be tied to their necks like a twisted collar on the Day of Judgment. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is well acquainted with all that you do.” (Al’ Imrân: 108)

Zakat purifies wealth; moreover, a divine order is fulfilled.

Those who give their zakat are praised in the holy Qur’an:

“And spend out of what We have provided for them.” (Baqara: 3)

Allah the Most High has given to us, we, too, should give for the well-being of others. To spend for the sake of Allah does not lessen wealth.

Zakat means to give out once a year a determined amount of the wealth of every rich Muslim, man or woman, to the poor Muslims or other Muslims who deserve it.

A Muslim is considered rich if he or she after the main necessities (a house, households, a car etc.) and after paying his or her debts owns the amount of nisab and keeps it a period of lunar year. Nisab is an amount of 80.18 gr. gold or its equivalent in money. For every rich Muslim, zakat is a duty. If a Muslim’s property does not reach this definite quantity (nisab), giving zakat is not obligatory.

 

THE RECIPIENTS OF ZAKAT:

Zakat is only for:

1) The poor

2) The needy

3) Zakat-collectors

4) To attract the hearts of those who have been inclined towards Islam

5) To ransom the slaves

6) Those in debt being unable to repay their debts

7) Those who want to participate holy fighting in the Cause of Allah

8) Wayfarers who are cut off from everything and unable to return their native lands.

PERSONS WHO MAY NOT

BE ZAKAT BENEFICIARIES:

The zakat payer’s ascending and descending relatives, i.e. parents, sons, grand sons, grand-father, grand-mother. Husband and wife can not give zakat to one another. The non-Muslim poor. Those who pay zakat can not receive zakat.

(HAJJ)

THE PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA

Hajj is one of the five fundamental pillars of Islam. The religion attains its maturity by its performance. Almighty Allah requires in the holy Qur’an:

“Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah, those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith, Allah stands not in need of any of His creatures.” (Al’ Imrân: 97)

“And proclaim among the people the pilgrimage! They will come to you, on foot and on lean camels, coming from every deep ravine.” (Hajj: 27)

Muhammad the Messenger of Allah declares:

“O men! Allah orders you to perform the pilgrimage. Therefore go on pilgrimage.”

“Go on pilgrimage. Because as water removes filth, pilgrimage purifies a man’s sins.

Allah the Most High states the superiority of Mecca:

“Allah has appointed the Ka’ba, the Sacred House, a standard for mankind.” (Mâ’ida: 97)

“(O Muhammad, say:) ‘I am commanded only to serve the Lord of this land which He has hallowed, and unto whom all things belong.” (Naml: 91)

Almighty Allah declares the grace of Ka’ba:

“The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka, full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings. In it are signs manifest; the station of Abraham. Whoever enters it attains security.” (Al’ Imrân: 96-97)

“And we made the House (the Holy Ka’ba at Mecca) a place of assembly for mankind and a place of safety.” (Baqara: 125)

Allah the Most Supreme orders to every rich and healthy Muslim (man and woman) who is of responsible age, mentally, financially fit to go on pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her life.

Hajj (pilgrimage) removes all degree, color, race, language differences; it unites all Muslims. It is a miraculous worship which is an act of thanks to Almighty Allah for physical health and wealth.

Hajj is a divine center and meeting place. The Compassion and Approval of Allah the Most High descend there. Pilgrimage is the fountain of divine blessings. This divine fountain enables a man to reach spiritual maturity.

It is a great happiness to be able to go on pilgrimage and to participate in that divine meeting.

That center provides enormous spiritual power to one who performs it.

During pilgrimage a man can encounter many difficulties. Only and only love overcomes those difficulties. A person should consider those troubles as acts of compassion thus worthy to be experienced.

Muhammad -peace be upon him- the Messenger of Allah requires:

“Most precious worship is the most difficult one.”

Pilgrimage is an ocean of divine grace and a source of light.

During hajj (pilgrimage) a man absolutely has to be honest and patient. He must behave humbly and abstain from all kinds of disputes. His body and clothes should be pure.

Muhammad -peace be upon him- informs:

“A complete pilgrimage is like jihad.”

“Allah forgives all sins, major or minor, of the people who go on pilgrimage with honestly earned money and without committing bad deeds and hypocrisy. They will come out as sinless as a newly-born child (just delivered by his mother).”

“The reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.”

A person going on pilgrimage must have pure sincerity in his heart. His or her intention has to be only to obtain the Approval of Almighty Allah.

If his or her intention is sincere, by Allah the Most High’s order, angels protect him or her.

Muhammad the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- proclaims:

“Pilgrims are under the divine protection of Allah the Most Great.”

If his or her intention is not sincere, he or she only suffers trouble.

Our Master Prophet -peace be upon him- ordains:

“If someone worships with the intention of ambitious display, he remains deprived of Almighty Allah’s Compassion.”

 


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